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What is IVF? How does it work?

If a couple has been trying to conceive naturally for a year or more without a successful pregnancy, it can be called infertility. In some cases, fertility problems can lead to complications in pregnancy. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) where sperm and egg are fertilized outside the human body. It is a complex process that involves retrieving eggs from the ovary and then these eggs are then fertilized in the IVF laboratory by putting the egg and partner’s sperm into the dish. Several days after fertilization, the fertilized egg (now called the embryo) is placed inside the uterus.

The entire IVF cycle takes about 2 to 3 months. However, it all depends on whether we make new transfers or make frozen transfers.

Why is IVF performed?

Due to the higher success rate, IVF has been used more frequently in recent years as a first line of therapy for all causes of infertility.

IVF is an option if you or your partner is suffering from:

      • Fallopian tubes are blocked or damaged
      • Endometriosis
      • Low sperm count or other sperm impairments
      • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and other ovarian conditions
      • Uterine fibroids
      • Problems with your uterus
      • Risk of passing on a genetic disease
      • Unexplained infertility
      • Using an egg donor or pregnancy rent

The most common reasons why a couple should go to IVF are:

      • After ovulation induction and IUI treatment failure (several cycles)
      • Bilaterally blocked tubes
      • Unexplained infertility
      • Previous IVF failed, we do ICSI
      • Conservation of fertility
      • Male factor infertility
      • Donor / rental programs

How does IVF work?

During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from the ovary and fertilized by sperm in the laboratory. Then fertilized eggs (embryos) or eggs (embryos) are transferred to the uterus. A full cycle of IVF takes about three weeks. Sometimes these steps are broken down into different parts and the process may take longer.

IVF has many steps and takes several months to complete the entire process. However sometimes it works on the first try, but many people need more than one round of IVF to get pregnant.

How common is IVF?

About 5% of couples with infertility try IVF. Since 1978, more than 8 million babies have been born with IVF. It is one of the most effective auxiliary reproductive technologies (ARTs) available.

Visit Atreum Speciality Hospital, the best IVF hospital in RR Nagar, Bangalore. We have an experienced team of fertility specialists and advanced infertility treatment options to help embrace parenthood.