Atreum Hospital

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A balance disorders is a condition that makes you feel unsteady or dizzy

A balance disorder is a condition that makes you feel unsteady or dizzy, as if you are moving, spinning, or floating, even though you are standing still or lying down. Balance disorders can be caused by certain health conditions, medications, or a problem in the inner ear or the brain.


The medical term for all of the parts of the inner ear involved with balance is the vestibular system. It controls our sense of balance, posture, the body’s orientation in space, locomotion, and other movements, and keeps objects in visual focus as the body moves. The vestibular system works with other sensory systems in the body (for example, the eyes, bones, and joints) to check and maintain the positioning of the body at rest and in motion.


Our sense of balance is primarily controlled by a maze-like structure in the inner ear called the labyrinth, which is made of bone and soft tissue. The semicircular canals and otolithic organs within the labyrinth help maintain our balance. The cochlea within the labyrinth helps enables us to hear by producing nerve impulses in response to sound vibrations.


If you have a shiny complexion, prominent pores, frequent blackheads and pimples you have oily skin. Hormones affect oil production in the skin, and stress can also trigger acne outbreaks. For oily skin, wash your face once or twice daily with plain soap and water. If you need to cleanse your skin in-between washing, use a cleansing pad that helps dissolve oil and removes excess dirt from skin. If you have acne pimples, do not pop or squeeze them, as this can make the acne worse. Use non-comedogenic cosmetics that do not clog pores.


Diagnosis of a balance disorder is difficult. There are many potential causes – including medical conditions and medications. To help evaluate a balance problem, a doctor may suggest the patient visit an otolaryngologist (a physician and surgeon who specializes in the ear, nose, and throat). The otolaryngologist may order a hearing examination, blood tests, an electronystagmogram (which measures eye movements and the muscles that control them), or imaging studies of the head and brain. Another possible test is called posturography. For this test, the patient stands on a special movable platform in front of a patterned screen. The doctor measures how the patient’s body moves in response to movement of the platform, the patterned screen, or both.


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